內定 arranged

形容詞

相似詞 prearranged, predetermined
搭配詞 candidate, competition

【單詞解析】

「arranged(安排)」與「prearranged(事先安排)」,兩字皆可當內定使用,意思一樣,「prearranged」當然聽起來更強調「事先」,其實既是內定,必然事先就作好準備,所以「pre-」這個字首,其實不算必要。

「arranged」常和現在完成式一起使用,通常是被動式,所以學此字時可以同時把時態記下,用法就是「has been arranged」

「arrange」以及其名詞「arrangement」真是個很好用的字。「music arrangement(編曲)」、「flower arrangement(插花)」、「wedding arrangement(婚禮安排)」、「travel arrangement(旅行安排)」、「arranged marriage(媒妁之言)」等,都是此字常見的用法。

【例句】

大家並不是很清楚Larry怎麼當上CEO的。好像在投票前,董事會就已經內定好他的升遷了。
How Larry became CEO was not very well understood. It seemed as if the board had already arranged his promotion prior to the voting.

面試只是型式而已,每個專案的負責人早就內定好了。
The interviews are just a formality. Project leaders of each team have already been arranged.

當觀眾得知冠軍得主是內定,都對主辦單位感到十分不滿。
The audience members were upset at the competition organizer when they learned the first-prize winner had been prearranged.